Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Tauriscus

(878 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 17/03/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tauriscus | Ταυρίσκος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A direct student of Crates of Mallos1, Tauriscus is known from only one attestation in Sextus Empiricus2 ( Adv. math. 1, 248-249), according to whom he maintained the subdivision of philological work (ἡ κριτική) into three parts: 1) λογικόν, grammar in t…

Herodicus Crateteus

(10,339 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 21/08/2006 – 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Herodicus Crateteus | Ἡρόδικος ὁ Κρατήτειος Identity: Perseus Place of Origin: Babylonia (Seleucia on the Tigris?) Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Herodicus was a native of Babylonia (ὁ Βαβυλώνιος, Ath. 5, 222a; cf. Eustath. ad Il. 1077, 24-27), or perhaps of Seleucia on the Tigris, the new capital of the kingdom (so I. Düring, He…

Dionysodorus

(1,814 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysodorus | Διονυσόδωρος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Troezen Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Troezen (Plut. Arat. 1, 1–1, 3; Ap. Dysc. Pron. p. 3, 12–29), Dionysodorus was a student of Aristarchus1 and dedicated himself to many fields of study. He is credited with a work On rivers (Περὶ ποταμῶν, Sch. Eur. Hip. 12…

Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion

(4,435 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy son of Oroandes is often also called Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων, and he lived and worked at Alexandria, where he was a student of Aristarchus1 (he is called μαθητὴς Ἀριστάρχου in Sud.π 3034); this allows us to d…

Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus

(4,659 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ammonius, the son of Ammonius, was a student of Aristarchus1 and his successor as head of his school (Didymean scholion to Il. 10, 397-399a: ... Ἀμμωνίῳ τῷ διαδεξαμένῳ τὴν σχολήν). He engaged in Homeric2 exegesis…

Hegesander [1]

(6,869 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 16/04/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hegesander [1] | Ἡγήσανδρος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Delphi Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Hegesander, the author of a miscellany entitled Ὑπομνήματα, was a native of Delphi; the testimony of Athenaeus1 in this regard can be considered trustworthy despite the doubts aired by Pomtow ( Delphoi, RE 4, 2 [1901], 2523…

Posidonius [1]

(2,647 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 16/11/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Posidonius [1] | Ποσειδώνιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Known from a few surviving fragments, the grammarian Posidonius was an ἀναγνώστης of Aristarchus1, as we know from the scholia to the Iliad2 and Eustathius3, who drew on them ( Sch. Il. 6, 511a. 17, 75a, cf. Eustath. ad Il. 659, 15–18. 1096, 12–15). Thi…

Crates [1]

(30,768 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 18/06/2007 - 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Crates [1] | Κράτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist V Place of Origin: Mallus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (κ 2342 = T 1 Broggiato), Crates was a native of Mallus (Cilicia) and “was a contemporary of Aristarchus (of Samothrace)2 in the time of Ptolemy (VI) Philometor3”, who ruled in Egypt from 180 to…

Menecrates [2]

(2,122 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/10/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menecrates [2] | Μενεκράτης Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Nysa Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Strabo1 (14, 1, 48) mentions that a Menecrates from Nysa was a student of Aristarchus2 and the father of Aristodemus3 whom the young Strabo heard when he was an elderly man: from this information we can date Menecrates to the 2nd c. BCE. Some note…

Naucrates [1]

(588 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 22/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Naucrates [1] | Ναυκράτης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Naucrates was a direct disciple of Aristarchus1 or a follower of his doctrine, and he is mentioned only in Sch. Veron. Verg. Aen. 10, 738, which cites a dialogue by a grammarian named Zenodotus (the Alexandrian2?, or the disciple of Crates3?), …

Comanus

(5,522 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Comanus | Κομανός Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Naucratis Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: For the name of Comanus, which is written and accented in different ways in the manuscripts, cf. Solmsen (1945, p. 115 n. 3) and Schmidhauser (2008). He was a native of Naucratis according to the scholia to the Iliad1 ( Sch. ex. Il. 21, 363e)…

Callistratus

(12,876 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/11/2007 – 20/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callistratus | Καλλίστρατος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callistratus’ birthplace is unknown. The Sch. Aristoph. Thesm. 917 (⟨οὐκ⟩ ἀνάξιος δὲ ἂν εἴη ὁ Καλλίστρατος πιστεύεσθαι ὡς ἂν παρὰ διδασκάλου τοῦ Ἀριστοφάνους λέγων) and the testimony of Athenaeus1, who in two places desc…

Aristodemus [1]

(5,031 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and first published on 17/12/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [1] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to Athenaeus1, Aristodemus was the author of a commentary on Pindar2 in at least three books (Ath. 11, 495f: ἐν τρίτῳ Περὶ Πινδάρου); numerous fragments of it survive. The name of Aristodemus appears thi…

Agatharchides

(11,524 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 08/09/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agatharchides | Ἀγαθαρχίδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Cnidus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A web of information allows us to place the life of Agatharchides between 200 BCE (or a few years earlier) and the last decades of the 2nd c. BCE. In codex 213 of the Bibliotheca1 (p. 171a 6-171b 12), Photius2 states that Agatharch…