Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Persaeus

(8,614 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Persaeus | Περσαῖος Place of Origin: Citium Date: ca. 305-? BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Persaeus was a Stoic philosopher, a student of Zeno1 and, like him, a native of Citium. The majority of the information that we have about him comes from the Historia stoicorum of Philodemus2 ( PHerc. 1018) and from some passages of the section dedicated to…

Parmeniscus

(5,135 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parmeniscus | Παρμενίσκος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ca. 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Despite the fact that practically nothing is known about the life of Parmeniscus, this grammarian of the Aristarchan1 school (cf. Blau 1883, p. 48) can be dated approximately to between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. Against Crates (Π…

Porphyrius

(8,945 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tyre Date: 232/4 CE–ca. 304 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Born around 232/4 CE at Tyre ( Sud. π 2098. 2099) or Batanea, in modern day Syria, Porphyry was called Malchus at birth – from the Semitic root meaning "king" – in honor of his father; t…

Pythocles

(723 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pythocles | Πυθοκλῆς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: We know little about this grammarian; our sole source for his existence is a reference in the scholia on the Iliad, where there are no details useful for establishing his date or his cultural context (cf. Erbse 1969-1988, 5, p. 128, ad loc.: “grammaticus aliund…

Sopater [3]

(417 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Carla Castelli and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sopater [3] | Σώπατρος Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The scholia to the Iliad ( Sch. ex. Il. 23, 726a) cite an author named Sopater as the source of the name of a military tactic adopted by Odysseus during battle. Sopater was identified with some doubt as a rhetor vel grammaticus by Erbse (1969–1988, 6, Index I, s.v.), who in the textua…