Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law

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La presse et les relations politiques internationales (Volume 45)

(53,794 words)

Author(s): Butter, Oscar
Butter, Oscar Keywords: Press | International relations | Mots clefs: Presse | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT Oscar Butter writes that the press has become an instrument of political government, a means of influence. Millions of people in modern States are increasingly interested in public life, journals have become an effective means of harmony and union or, unfortunately, also a means of disharmony and enmity. To account for this phenomenon, the author successively studies the relations between foreign …

Intervention In International Law A Study Of Some Recent Cases (Volume 103)

(27,659 words)

Author(s): Fawcett, J.E.S.
Fawcett, J.E.S. Keywords: Intervention | Use of force | International relations | Mots clefs: Intervention | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT J. E. S. Fawcett points out in the introduction to his course that intervention is an old political custom and perhaps even a political necessity. The author’s task is to describe and compare some recent intervention cases (in 1961) and to see what they clarify the rules governing the intervention and what the limits are. After general considerations on the intervention, …

Le Problème De La Sécurité Internationale (Volume 49)

(21,868 words)

Author(s): Bourquin, Maurice
Bourquin, Maurice Keywords: International peace and security | Use of force | International relations | Mots clefs: Sécurité internationale | Force | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT Maurice Bourquin notes in the introduction to his course that the problem of security takes on an almost obsessive look in the quiet and confused world of the post-war period. Its influence acts on all the great international negotiations, and since it was implemented, the League of Nations has seen it emerge at every turn of the road. W…

La théorie de la légitime défense (Volume 49)

(65,994 words)

Author(s): Giraud, Émile
Giraud, Émile Keywords: Self-defence | Use of force | International relations | Mots clefs: Défense légitime | Force | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT The author explains that the purpose of Emile Giraud's course is not to present and defend a thesis, but to explain an inherent right related to self-defense. To do this, the author begins with a comparison of self-defense in domestic law and international law. The author then poses the question of when there will be self-defense. Finally, the author studies its effects. Le cours d'Emile Giraud n'a pas pour but de présenter e…

Les principes fondamentaux de la vie internationale (Volume 53)

(24,182 words)

Author(s): R. P. Professeur Edmund A. Walsh, S. J., Le
R. P. Professeur Edmund A. Walsh, S. J., Le Keywords: International relations | Mots clefs: Relations internationales | ABSTRACT The aim of Edmund Walsh’s course is to address the issue of the fundamental principles which govern, or rather, which should govern the relationships between nations. After a presentation of the philosophy of these principles, the author presents the evolution of relationships between States. He then focuses on two pairs of notions which he puts through: nationalism and sovereignty on on…

La technique parlementaire des relations internationales (Volume 56)

(28,561 words)

Author(s): Mirkine-Guetzêvitch, Boris
Mirkine-Guetzêvitch, Boris Keywords: Parliaments | International relations | Foreign policy | Mots clefs: Parlement | Relations internationales | Politique étrangère | ABSTRACT Boris Mirkine-Guetzevitch explains in his introduction to the course that a study of the parliamentary technique of international relations involves an analysis of the different forms of participation of parliaments in the conduct of foreign policy. The author successively presents the evolution of the representative regime from the point of v…

Entre multilatéralisme et unilatéralisme: l’autorisation par le conseil de sécurité de recourir à la force (Volume 339)

(179,121 words)

Author(s): Sicilianos, Linos-Alexandre
Sicilianos, Linos-Alexandre Keywords: United Nations | Security Council | Charter | Use of force | International relations | Collective security | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Conseil de sécurité | Charte | Force | Relations internationales | Sécurité collective | ABSTRACT In the introduction to his course, Linos-Alexandre Sicilianos, Associate Professor at the University of Athens, notes that the theme of the Security Council's authorization to use force lies at the centre of two contradictory trends that mark contemporary evolution of…

Les relations internationales de la communaute europeenne du charbon et de l’acier (Volume 90)

(28,878 words)

Author(s): J. De Soto, M.
J. De Soto, M. Keywords: European Coal and Steel Community | International relations | Mots clefs: Communauté européenne du charbon et de l acier | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT M.J. De Soto explains in the introduction to his course that the external competence of an international institution is less evident than the external competence of a State. There can be no question of competence of war. The author explains by quoting Reuter that the external competence means the right to participate in international affairs …

La jurisprudence de la Cour de justice des Communautés européennes relative aux relations extérieures des Communautés (Volume 160)

(19,560 words)

Author(s): Boulouis, Jean
Boulouis, Jean Keywords: European Communities | International relations | Court of Justice of the European Communities | Case-law | Mots clefs: Communautés européennes | Relations internationales | Cour de justice des Communautés européennes | Jurisprudence | ABSTRACT The aim of Jean Boulouis’ course is to analyze the Case Law of the Court of Justice of the European Communities related to their external relations. He examines the questions which, in the field of external relations, have been submitted to the judge and the answers w…

The Regulation of the Use of Force by Individual States in International Law (Volume 81)

(21,359 words)

Author(s): H. M. Waldock C.M.G. O.B.E. Q.C., C.
H. M. Waldock C.M.G. O.B.E. Q.C., C. Keywords: Use of force | International relations | Mots clefs: Force | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT C. H. M. Waldock devotes his course to the regime of the use of force by States in international law. After presenting the issue in the light of international custom, he examines the regime established by the system of the League of Nations, and then the state of the issue under the Charter of the United Nations. He then focuses on the issue of legitimate-defense and self-def…

L’emploi de la force dans la jurisprudence des tribunaux internationaux (Volume 331)

(58,269 words)

Author(s): Pinto, Mónica
Pinto, Mónica Keywords: United Nations | Security Council | Charter | Use of force | International relations | Self-defence | International Court of Justice | Case-law | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Conseil de sécurité | Chartre | Force | Relations internationales | Défense légitime | Cour internationale de Justice | Jurisprudence | ABSTRACT The course of Mrs. Monica Pinto, Professor at the University of Buenos Aires, proposes to retrace the history of the characterizations of the use of force in the light of the jurisprudence of international court…

International Law, Power, and Policy: A Contemporary Conception (Volume 82)

(39,085 words)

Author(s): S. Mcdougal, Myres
S. Mcdougal, Myres Keywords: Public international law | International relations | Legal theory | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Relations internationales | Théorie du droit | ABSTRACT After an introduction to the tasks of a politically-oriented law in the 1950s, Myres S. McDougal presents the inadequate aspects of contemporary theory about international law. He then discusses public international law as a research framework as it relates to world social and power contexts and processes. Finally, he focuses on the…

Genèse et structure de la société internationale (Volume 96)

(29,874 words)

Author(s): Truyol Y Serra, Antonio
Truyol Y Serra, Antonio Keywords: Sociology | Public international law | International relations | Mots clefs: Sociologie | Droit international public | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT Antonio Truyol y Serra explains that the study he undertakes in this course confines on the borders of the sociology of international law and the theory of international relations. He begins his research with a presentation of the concept of international society. He then discusses the genesis and evolution of global international soc…

Le principe de l’égalité juridique dans les rapports internationaux (Volume 42)

(52,048 words)

Author(s): Brown SCOTT, James
Brown SCOTT, James Keywords: Human rights | International relations | Mots clefs: Droits de l homme | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT Although James Brown Scott’s course deals with a specific subject of legal equality in international relations, it is in fact actually presented in two forms. The first form of the course is an overview of the concept of legal equality, and the second form is the application of the principle to three concrete situations, which concern exclusively America. The author successively …

Le droit international à l’épreuve du terrorisme (Volume 321)

(108,227 words)

Author(s): Klein, Pierre
Klein, Pierre Keywords: United Nations | Terrorism | International peace and security | International politics | Use of force | International relations | Human rights | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Terrorisme | Sécurité internationale | Politique internationale | Force | Relations internationales | Droits de l'homme | ABSTRACT Pierre Klein, Professor at the Université libre de Bruxelles, begins his course by identifying the very notion of terrorism to report on the impact of terrorism on international law. He then takes a step backward and plac…

L’évolution de la réglementation de la guerre a la lumière de la sauvegarde des droits de l’homme (Volume 137)

(36,546 words)

Author(s): Migliazza, Alessandro
Migliazza, Alessandro Keywords: Human rights | Laws of war | Use of force | International relations | International humanitarian law | Mots clefs: Droits de l homme | Droit de la guerre | Force | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT Alessandro Migliazza states that from the beginning of civilization, men faithful to the spirit of humanity have multiplied their efforts to prevent war and to regulate armed conflict. The efforts have laid the foundations of people`s rights: jus ad bellum and jus in bello are the first and perhaps the mo…

International Law and International Relations (Volume 285)

(89,846 words)

Author(s): Slaughter, Anne-Marie
Slaughter, Anne-Marie Keywords: International law | International relations | Nongovernmental organizations | Mots clefs: Droit international | Relations internationales | Organisations non-gouvernementales | ABSTRACT Anne-Marie Slaughter, Professor at Harvard University, devotes her course to the relation between international law and international relations. In the first part Professor Slaughter examines the principal theories concerning international relations. Professor Slaughter examines in particular what interna…

Co-existence and International Law (Volume 95)

(27,117 words)

Author(s): I. Tunkin, Grigory
I. Tunkin, Grigory Keywords: Peaceful coexistence | Public international law | International relations | Mots clefs: Coexistence pacifique | Droit international public | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT Grigory I. Tunkin begins his course on Coexistence and International Law with a study of creation of norms of general international law (he deals with the question of the sources of public international law). He then focuses on the foundation of contemporary international law, the impact of coexistence on public intern…

International Co-operation in Cultural Affairs (Volume 198)

(21,781 words)

Author(s): Galenskaya, Liudmila
Galenskaya, Liudmila Keywords: Cultural heritage | Cultural co-operation | Culture | International relations | Mots clefs: Coopération culturelle | Culture | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT In this study of international cultural cooperation, Liudmila Galenskaya, Professor at the University of Leningrad, uses the British Council’s definition of culture: The culture includes the arts, education, the sciences and all social and intellectual exchanges. Based on this definition, the author begins her course by presenti…

L’interdiction du recours a la force. Le principe et les problèmes qui se posent (Volume 78)

(41,672 words)

Author(s): Wehberg, Hans
Wehberg, Hans Keywords: Use of force | International relations | Mots clefs: Force | Relations internationales | ABSTRACT In his course, Hans Wehberg explores the extent to which the evolution of international law is reflected in jus belli at the time of writing the course, what has been achieved so far, and the gaps that remain to be filled in this area. After a chapter devoted to the war according to scholastic doctrine, the author examines the law of war in European public law, the Kellogg Pact, the prohibitio…
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