Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law


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Les sanctions économiques des Nations Unies (Volume 300)

(23,468 words)

Author(s): Bennouna, Mohamed
Bennouna, Mohamed Keywords: United Nations | Economic sanctions | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Sanctions économiques | ABSTRACT In the introduction to his course, Mohamed Bennouna, Permanent Representative of Morocco to the United Nations, points out that the economic sanction immediately brings us to face a very delicate question of the relationship between security, freedoms and social rights. The problem is that of the head office: What can one do to bring down the master of the house and starve the whole city …

To Form a More Perfect United Nations (Volume 129)

(7,422 words)

Author(s): C. Jessup, Philip
C. Jessup, Philip Keywords: United Nations | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | ABSTRACT In this speech held on July 22 1970 at the Hague Academy of International Law in commemoration of the 25th anniversary of the United Nations, he discusses what has been achieved and what remains to be done. Dans ce discours tenu le 22 juillet 1970 à l'Académie de droit international de La Haye en commémoration des 25 ans des Nations Unies, revient sur ce qui a été réalisé et sur ce qui reste à faire. [p2] C. Jessup, Philip [p3] Lecture delivered by Philip C. Jessup on 22 July 1970 at the Academy of Interna…

International Organization and Collective Security: Changing Values and Priorities (Volume 138)

(12,383 words)

Author(s): A. Gross, Ernest
A. Gross, Ernest Keywords: United Nations | Charter | Collective security | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Charte | Sécurité collective | ABSTRACT Ernest Gross emphasizes in the introduction of his course that observers and practitioners wonder about where the great unpopularity of international collaboration institutions comes from or how often they are ignored, even though they have a certain link with human well-being and progress. The author proposes in this course to present the causes of these inconsistencies. Afte…

Le domaine réservé L’organisation internationale et le rapport entre droit international et droit interne cours général de droit international public (Volume 225)

(188,840 words)

Author(s): Arangio-Ruiz, Gaetano
Arangio-Ruiz, Gaetano Keywords: United Nations | Judicial competence | International law and domestic law | League of Nations | Public international law | Mots clefs: Droit international public | Nations Unies | Droit international et droit interne | Société des Nations | Compétence étatique | ABSTRACT General Course on Public International Law by Gaetano Arangio-Ruiz, Professor at the University of Rome, focuses on the notion of domestic jurisdiction as a limit to the activity of international legal and political bodies. However, it also t…

The Peace of Peoples (Volume 77)

(15,781 words)

Author(s): A. Berle, Jr, Adolf
A. Berle, Jr, Adolf Keywords: United Nations | Charter | Self-defence | Peace | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Charte | Défense légitime | Paix | ABSTRACT From a doctrinal point of view, Adolf Berle considers that the Charter of the United Nations confers rights within private international law on peoples while maintaining the rights previously recognized by the international law to the States. The author begins his course on the peace of peoples by comparing the peace of the States and peace of the peoples. He then examines…

L’activité quasi-législative des institutions spécialisées des Nations Unies (Volume 111)

(25,702 words)

Author(s): Saba, H.
Saba, H. Keywords: United Nations | Specialized agencies | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Institutions spécialisées | ABSTRACT With the creation of international organizations, the community of Nations has new techniques for setting international standards. The techniques are increasingly moving away from the concept of a freely negotiated contract between States, and are, on the other hand, similar to the unilateral legislative act adopted by a parliament and endowed with a mandatory nature. H. Saba, who devotes th…

Les procédures publiques spéciales de la Commission des droits de l’homme des Nations Unies (Volume 228)

(31,132 words)

Author(s): Antonio Pastor Ridruejo, José
Antonio Pastor Ridruejo, José Keywords: United Nations | Human rights | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Droits de l homme | ABSTRACT In this course, José Antonio Pastor Ridruejo examines the interplay of politics and law in the special public procedures initiated by the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, through a comprehensive approach of harmoniously integrating the data provided in addition to the legal sciences through political science and the data of international relations. The author thus examines the ins…

Entre multilatéralisme et unilatéralisme: l’autorisation par le conseil de sécurité de recourir à la force (Volume 339)

(179,121 words)

Author(s): Sicilianos, Linos-Alexandre
Sicilianos, Linos-Alexandre Keywords: United Nations | Security Council | Charter | Use of force | International relations | Collective security | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Conseil de sécurité | Charte | Force | Relations internationales | Sécurité collective | ABSTRACT In the introduction to his course, Linos-Alexandre Sicilianos, Associate Professor at the University of Athens, notes that the theme of the Security Council's authorization to use force lies at the centre of two contradictory trends that mark contemporary evolution of…

Parliamentary Diplomacy An Examination of the Legal Quality of the Rules of Procedure of Organs of the United Nations (Volume 89)

(47,685 words)

Author(s): C. Jessup, Philip
C. Jessup, Philip Keywords: United Nations | Law of procedure | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Droit procédural | ABSTRACT Philip Jessup begins the introduction of his course with an explanation of the term “Parliamentary Diplomacy", namely the practice of intergovernmental negotiations and discussions conducted within the fixed rules of procedure in organizations such as the General Assembly and the United Nations Councils. After a presentation of parliamentary law in national legislation, the author presents compari…

La Charte de San-Francisco dans ses rapports avec le droit international (Volume 70)

(67,533 words)

Author(s): Kaeckenbeeck, Georges
Kaeckenbeeck, Georges Keywords: United Nations | Charter | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Charte | ABSTRACT Georges Kaeckenbeeck notifies in the introduction of his course that the method followed in this study is not systematic and more especially not dogmatic. In the face of such a new subject and such a complex organization started to take shape in 1947, he explores and takes note of what appears to be useful developments. The author successively examines the purposes and principles of the Charter, the General …

Les sanctions dans le cadre de l’O.N.U. (Volume 80)

(33,149 words)

Author(s): Cavaré, L.
Cavaré, L. Keywords: United Nations | Sanctions | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Sanction | ABSTRACT The United Nations (UN) constitutes a favorable framework for the establishment and development of sanctions. In this course, Louis Cavaré first provides the meaning of the term “legal regime” in a legality regime because the sanctions assume a clearly improved character. The author then deals with two essential elements of a system of legality: restriction of discretionary power of States and the role of the judge…

The Security Council and Issues of Responsibility under International Law (Volume 353)

(99,628 words)

Author(s): Gowlland-Debbas, Vera
Gowlland-Debbas, Vera Keywords: United Nations | Security Council | Collective security | International peace and security | International responsibility | State responsibility | Criminal liability | Individual responsibility | Sanctions | Charter of the United Nations (San Francisco, 26 June 1945); | Mots clefs: ABSTRACT In this course, Vera Gowlland-Debbas revisits the place of sanctions in international law and reviews the Security Council’s practice in this domain. The author examines the Council’s outreach through the prism of three a…

La révision de la Charte des Nations Unies (Volume 90)

(50,243 words)

Author(s): Giraud, Emile
Giraud, Emile Keywords: United Nations | Charter | Revision | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Charte | Révision | ABSTRACT Emile Giraud says in the introduction to his course that the Charter of the United Nations is flawed. Those who conceived it lacked historical sense and foresight. They did not understand that Hitler and Mussolini were not simply accidents of history, but that they were the expression of a new philosophy and a new conception of the world, totalitarianism which the Second World War had not eliminate…

Contribution a l’étude du droit international fiscal actuel: Le rôle des organisations internationales dans le règlement des questions d’impôts entre les divers Etats (Volume 86)

(44,517 words)

Author(s): Chrétien, M.
Chrétien, M. Keywords: United Nations | International fiscal law | League of Nations | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Droit fiscal international | Société des Nations | ABSTRACT Mr. Chretien writes it is impossible to understand the progressive development of international tax law, which in 1954 is a relatively new science, without knowing the activity exercised by the international organizations worldwide in the solution of the main problems of tax law between the States and their nationals (natural persons and legal persons…

L’admission de nouveaux membres a la Société des Nations et a l’Organisation des Nations Unies (Volume 80)

(33,699 words)

Author(s): Feinberg, Nathan
Feinberg, Nathan Keywords: United Nations | Accession | League of Nations | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Accession | Société des Nations | ABSTRACT The question of the admission of new members to the League of Nations and to the United Nations reflects the deplorable tension in contemporary international relations and the prevailing atmosphere of mistrust. In this course, Nathan Feinberg examines the relevant provisions of the Covenant of the League of Nations and the United Nations Charter by bringing out what is commo…

Democracy Promotion: Institutions, International Law and Politics (Volume 333)

(59,643 words)

Author(s): Müllerson, Rein
Müllerson, Rein Keywords: International organizations | Political systems | Democracy | Governance | European Union | United Nations | Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe | Russian Federation | Central Asia | Mots clefs: Organisations internationales | Systèmes politiques | Démocratie | Gouvernance | Union européenne | Organisation de la sécurité et la coopération en Europe | Fédération de Russie | Asie centrale | ABSTRACT Rein Muellerson, Professor at King's College of London, devotes his course to the role of institutions, international law, …

La délimitation des compétences des Nations Unies (Volume 108)

(38,974 words)

Author(s): L. Bindschedler, Rudolf
L. Bindschedler, Rudolf Keywords: United Nations | Competence | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Compétence | ABSTRACT Rudolf Bindschedler begins his course by making general remarks on the division of powers. He next examines, within the framework of the United Nations, the division of formal powers and later examines the division of substantive powers. The author also discusses the powers of the United Nations toward non-member States and other international organizations. Rudolf Bindschedler commence son cours en formulant des remarques générales sur la répartition d…

Les rapports entre l’ONU et les organisations régionales dans le domaine du maintien de la paix (Volume 290)

(78,532 words)

Author(s): Villani, Ugo
Villani, Ugo Keywords: United Nations | Regional organisations | Peace keeping | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Organisations régionales | Maintien de la paix | ABSTRACT Professor Ugo Villani, Professor at the University of Bari, starts from the observation that as far as international organizations are concerned, the question of the search for balance between a “universal” dimension and a “regional” dimension was raised immediately at the birth of the first organization intended to guarantee peace between States: the Leagu…

L’emploi de la force dans la jurisprudence des tribunaux internationaux (Volume 331)

(58,269 words)

Author(s): Pinto, Mónica
Pinto, Mónica Keywords: United Nations | Security Council | Charter | Use of force | International relations | Self-defence | International Court of Justice | Case-law | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Conseil de sécurité | Chartre | Force | Relations internationales | Défense légitime | Cour internationale de Justice | Jurisprudence | ABSTRACT The course of Mrs. Monica Pinto, Professor at the University of Buenos Aires, proposes to retrace the history of the characterizations of the use of force in the light of the jurisprudence of international court…

Les résolutions des organes internationaux dans la jurisprudence de la Cour internationale de Justice (Volume 167)

(23,204 words)

Author(s): Thierry, Hubert
Thierry, Hubert Keywords: International Court of Justice | United Nations | Resolutions | Mots clefs: Cour internationale de Justice | Nations Unies | Résolutions | ABSTRACT Hubert Thierry, Professor at the University of Paris X-Nanterre, emphasizes in the introduction to his course that the jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice should be recognized as the authority for judicial interpretation of law on behalf of the international community, and to affirm that this is a privileged source of knowledge of int…
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