Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Valerius [3] Harpocration

(1,839 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 23/09/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Valerius [3] Harpocration | Ἁρποκρατίων ὁ Οὐαλέριος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The brief biographical entry in the Suda1 lexicon (α 4014) does not go further than describing Valerius Harpocration as an Alexandrian rhetorician and mentioning the title of two …

Plutarchus [3]

(3,477 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 09/01/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Plutarchus [3] | Πλούταρχος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd-3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian named Plutarch is presented by Athenaeus1 as a participant in the banquet of Larensis that frames the learned discussion of the Deipnosophists2. This circumstance places the figure, if we are in fact dealing with a real p…

Valerius [2] Diodorus

(3,998 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 21/03/2006 – 29/01/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Valerius [2] Diodorus | Διόδωρος ὁ Οὐαλέριος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Valerius Diodorus was a grammarian born in Alexandria and the son of the lexicographer Valerius Pollio1; he was the author, according to the Suda2 (δ 1150), of an Ἐξήγησις τῶν ζητουμένων παρὰ τοῖς ιʹ ῥήτορσιν, a wor…

Minucius Pacatus Irenaeus

(4,218 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Minucius Pacatus Irenaeus | Μινούκιος Πακᾶτος Εἰρηναῖος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A student of the metrician Heliodorus1, Irenaeus flourished probably in the mid-1st c. CE. For his dating the citation in the Hippocratean lexicon of Erotianus2 (fr. 60, 1-8; cf. Cohn 1905, 2120…

Tryphon [1]

(24,569 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tryphon [1] | Τρύφων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: second half of the 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Tryphon was a native of Alexandria and the son of a certain Ammonius; according to the Suda1 (τ 1115: γεγονὼς κατὰ τοὺς Αὐγούστου χρόνους καὶ πρότερον) , he was active during the reign of Augustus2, but he was bor…

Chaeremon

(6,689 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Perrone and first published on 11/01/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chaeremon | Χαιρήμων Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Egyptian priest Chaeremon, who was famous as a Stoic1 philosopher and grammarian, lived in the 1st c. CE. He taught at Alexandria and was certainly a prominent man in the cultural life of the city; he may have even had an important role at the Museum2 (accordi…

Nicanor [3]

(10,422 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 09/01/2006 – 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicanor [3] | Νικάνωρ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: Age of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: The biographical entry in the Suda1 (ν 375) tells us that the Alexandrian grammarian Nicanor, the son of Hermias2, lived in the age of Hadrian3, and it establishes that he was a contemporary of the grammarian Hermi…

Antiochus

(1,132 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Antiochus | Ἀντίοχος Identity: Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: ante 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian native to Alexandria, Antiochus is the author of a work on poets ridiculed in Middle Comedy1 (Περὶ τῶν ἐν τῇ μέσῃ κωμῳδίᾳ κωμῳδουμένων ποιητῶν). Athenaeus2 (11, 482c) refers to this work in a list of types of glasses a…

Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion

(4,435 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy son of Oroandes is often also called Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων, and he lived and worked at Alexandria, where he was a student of Aristarchus1 (he is called μαθητὴς Ἀριστάρχου in Sud.π 3034); this allows us to d…

Orus

(11,372 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orus | Ὦρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 , which drew on Hesychius of Miletus’2 Onomasticon3, informs us that Orus, a native of Alexandria, taught at Constantinople; we do not know whether his teaching was connected with an imperial post (cf. K. Alpers, Das attizistische Lexikon…

Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus

(4,659 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ammonius, the son of Ammonius, was a student of Aristarchus1 and his successor as head of his school (Didymean scholion to Il. 10, 397-399a: ... Ἀμμωνίῳ τῷ διαδεξαμένῳ τὴν σχολήν). He engaged in Homeric2 exegesis…

Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II

(4,629 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Εὐεργήτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: post 182 – 116 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes1 and Cleopatra I2, and he was the younger brother of Ptolemy VI Philometor3. The terminus post quem for his birth has been fixed…

Harpocration [3]

(4,500 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Harpocration [3] | Ἁρποκρατίων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Active in the late Imperial Age, Harpocration was the author of a Περὶ φυσικῶν δυνάμεων ζῴων τε καὶ φυτῶν καὶ λίθων, i.e., a study of the δυνάμεις of plants, animals, and stones. In the past this Harpocration was…

Zenodotus [2]

(3,330 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 16/06/05. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zenodotus [2] | Ζηνόδοτος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Zenodotus was born in Alexandria, and the Suda1 applies the epithet ὁ ἐν ἄστει to distinguish him from the better known Zenodotus of Ephesus2. He has been wrongly identified with Zenodotus3 the follower of C…

Agapius

(717 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agapius | Ἀγάπιος Identity: Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th-5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Our information about Agapius comes ultimately from Damascius1, whom both Photius2 and the Suda3 draw upon. A native of Alexandria, Agapius was well known for his wide learning and for the deep respect that, according…

Philostratus [1]

(1,581 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Perrone and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philostratus [1] | Φιλόστρατος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: ante 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A Philostratus who was the author of a work on Sophocles’1 plagiarism2 is cited in the φιλόλογος ἀκρόασις by Porphyry ( ap. Eus. PE. 10, 3, 13) and in a commentary on an unknown tragedy from a papyrus of the Roman era ( PSI 1287 = TrGF adesp. fr. 722). Porphy…

Amarantus

(3,291 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Amarantus | Ἀμάραντος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Athenaeus1 (10, 414f) identifies Amarantus as ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς, but we do not know if this is simply a reference to his homeland or rather (also) to the geographical and cultural realm of his activity. The terminus post quem for his date is drawn fro…

Ammonius [4] Neoplatonicus

(8,200 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 09/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [4] Neoplatonicus | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: first half of the 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ammonius, son of Hermias1, was born in Alexandria and was a crucial figure of 6th c. CE Neo-Platonism: he attended the lectures of Proclus2 at Athens, and then he served as director of the Academy of Alexan…

Dionysius [11] Iambus

(2,963 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 13/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [11] Iambus | Διονύσιος ὁ Ἴαμβος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We know very little about Dionysius ὁ Ἴαμβος: according to the Suda1 he was the teacher of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, along with Euphronius3 and Machon4; this favors a date in the mid-3rd c. BCE during the reign of Pto…

Theodosius

(1,335 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theodosius | Θεοδόσιος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th-5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Theodosius was a grammarian native to Alexandria and can be dated to the 4th/5th c. CE because he was a contemporary of Synesius of Cyrene1, who, in a letter to his brother, sends greetings to a θαυμάσιος γραμματικὸς Θεοδόσιος, who is commonly identifie…
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