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From Büyükkale, Building E (3.40)

(317 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Accounts; Archive Shelf Lists From Büyükkale, Building E (3.40) (iii.2–3) “When they give [a festival (?)] in Šapinuwa to [the Stormgod (?)] in the third year.” ( iii.4) “When [they draw] from the road the Mother goddesses of the (king’s?) body.” ( iii.5–6) “When they celebrate the Spring Festival in Kulella for the Stormgod of Kul[ella].” ( iii.7–9) The word of Kantuzzi[li, Chief of the] priests (and) Prince: “When they pour […], and they call a little […], how they put down [……

The Case Against Ura-Tarḫunta and His Father Ukkura (3.33)

(2,367 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Courtcases; Records of Testimony Given in the Trials of Suspected Thieves and Embezzlers of Royal Property Commentary This tablet was found in the East magazine of the Great Temple in the Lower City (quadrant L/19). It was kept there, because since it contained statements supported by oaths taken in the temple of Lelwani, its proper repository was a temple. Not all such tablets, however, were kept in that location. Some were recovered in Buil…

Archive Shelf Lists (3.HI.C.3)

(143 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Accounts Commentary These texts, also called “catalogs,” list the tablets in the state archives of Ḫattuša. They indicate the author and/or title/incipit of the work, how many tablets it comprised, the tablet’s form (ordinary tablets called DUB, special tablets called im.gÍd.da “long tablet”), and whether or not all known tablets were found. All such tablets were found in Boğazköy itself; to date none has been reported in Maşat (Tapikka), Kuşakli (Šarišša…

Kub 38.2 (Bildbeschr. Text 1) (3.35)

(1,091 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Accounts; Cult Image Descriptions Kub 38.2 (Bildbeschr. Text 1) (3.35) Subject: Exod 25:20; 37:9; 6:23–28; 8:6–7; Isa 6:1–2 (i.7–20) IŠTAR (Šauška) [a cult-image …] seated; from (her) shoulders [wings protrude;] in (her) right hand [she holds] a gold cup; [in her left hand] she holds a gold (hieroglyphic sign for) “Good (ness).”1 […] Below her is a silver-plated base. [Under] the base lies a silver-plated awiti-animal.2 To the right [and left] of the awiti-animal’s wings a stand Ninatta and Ku…

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 4 (HKM 4) (3.16)

(132 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 4 ( HKM 4) (3.16) Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: Write to me quickly concerning the condition of the vines, the cattle, and the sheep, in that land.1 Bibliographical References Text:  HKM 4. Edition:  HBM 124–127, 304. Notes^ back to text1. This letter reveals the direct concern of the king for viticulture and livestock in the provinces, a fact we would otherwise not have known. It is w…

Letter From Queen Naptera of Egypt to Queen Puduḫepa of Ḫatti (3.30)

(399 words)

Author(s): Hoffner, Harry A., Jr.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Later New Kingdom (Ḫattušili III TO Suppiluliuma II) (ca. 1250–1180 BCE) Letter From Queen Naptera of Egypt to Queen Puduḫepa of Ḫatti (3.30) §1 Thus says Naptera, Great Queen of Egypt: Say to Puduhepa, Great Queen of Hatti, my sister: §2 It is well with me, your sister. It is also well with my land. §3 May it be well with you, my sister. May it also be well with your land. I have learned that you, my sister, wrote inquiring about my health, and that you wrote inquiring …

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 7 (HKM 7) (3.19)

(153 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 7 ( HKM 7) (3.19) Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 3) Concerning what you wrote me, saying: “I have sent out scouts, and they have proceeded to scout out Takkašta and Ukuiduna. ( 7) …, and he has ‘drawn down.’ ” ( 9) Get involved with that matter.1 Send forth scouts, and let them scout thoroughly, and … And because I, My Majesty, have written you previously, draw out behind that road. ( 16) … I will come … Troops alre…

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 6 (HKM 6) (3.18)

(246 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 6 ( HKM 6) (3.18) Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 3) Concerning what you wrote me, saying: “The enemy has come. He pressed1 the city of Ḫapara on that side of me and the city of Kašipūra on this side. But he himself passed through, and I don’t know where he went.” ( 11) Was that “enemy” perhaps enchanted, that you did not recognize him? ( 15) Now be very much on guard against the enemy. ( 17) Concerning what you wrote m…

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 12 (HKM 13) (3.24)

(201 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 12 ( HKM 13) (3.24) Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 3) Concerning the capitulation (?) of Maruwa, the ruler of the city of Ḫimmuwa, about which you wrote me: “I have dispatched him (to you).” On a tablet you wrote to me: “I have dispatched him (to you),” but as of now he has not come. Now put him in the charge of an officer, and have him conduct him quickly before My Majesty. ( 13) Otherwise, you will become responsible …

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 10 (HKM 10) (3.22)

(549 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 10 ( HKM 10) (3.22) Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 3) Concerning the matter of Piḫinakki about which you wrote to me: As Piḫinakki is settling the city of Lišipra, he has already settled 30 families.1 ( 7) Piḫinakki said to me: “I intend actually to transfer 300 families (to make up the community of) Lišipra which I am settling.2 Then I will send the leading men (of the city) before Your Majesty. …

The King to Kaššū and Pulli In Tapikka (HKM 18) (3.29)

(188 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū and Pulli In Tapikka ( HKM 18) (3.29) Thus speaks [His Majesty]: Say to [Kaššū and Pulli]: [ Lines 3–15 are too badly broken for translation] ( 16) And send them before My Majesty. ( 17) Concerning the matter of troops about which you wrote me: I have some troops of the Upper Land and of the land of Išḫupitta here with me. I will send them to you. ps ( 21) Thus speaks Pišeni: Say to Kaššū and Pulli, my dear sons: ( 23) The grain which the …

Kbo 2.1 (CTH 509) (3.34)

(927 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Accounts; Cult Inventories; City Inventories Kbo 2.1 ( CTH 509) (3.34) Šuruwa (ii.9–20)1 The former state (of the cult in the city Šuruwa): four deities in all — one stela representing the Stormgod of Šuruwa, one stela representing the Sungoddess, one stela of Mt. Auwara, one stela of the spring Šinaraši. (The present state:) one iron bull-statue of one šekan in size (representing the Stormgod of Šuruwa), one silver stela of the Sungoddess, on which rays are depicted in silver, one club with a s…

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 11 (HKM 12) (3.23)

(85 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 11 ( HKM 12) (3.23) 1 Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 4) Seize Tarḫumiya and [send] him before [My Majesty]. […] ( Reverse) […] and [let them] conduct him immediately before [My Majesty]. Bibliographical References Text:  HKM 12. Edition:  HBM 136ff. Notes^ back to text1. What remains of this short letter appears to be an arrest order.

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 8 (HKM 8) (3.20)

(281 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 8 ( HKM 8) (3.20) 1 Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 3) Concerning the matters about which you wrote to me: how the enemy is damaging the crops, how in the city of Kappušiya he has attacked (the property) of the House of the Queen, how he has [seized] one team of oxen belonging to the House of the Queen, and how they have led away captive 30 oxen of the poor people, and 10 men — (all this) I have heard. ( 12) Because the enemy …

Kub 15.1 (CTH 584.1) (3.36)

(1,018 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Accounts; Votive Records Kub 15.1 ( CTH 584.1) (3.36) (i.1–11)1 Ḫebat of the city Uda. Dream of the queen. When …, the queen in the dream vowed to Ḫebat of Uda as follows: “If you, O goddess, my lady, will preserve the life of His Majesty, i.e., you will not allow him to come to harm, I will make for Ḫebat a gold statuette, and I will make for her a gold rosette, and they shall call it ‘Ḫebat’s rosette.’ I will also make a gold toggle pin for your breast, and they shall call it ‘the goddess’s toggle pin.’ ” ( i.12–14) D…

Letter From Piḫa-Walwi of Ḫatti to Ibiranu of Ugarit (3.32)

(150 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Later New Kingdom (Ḫattušili III TO Suppiluliuma II) (ca. 1250–1180 BCE) Letter From Piḫa-Walwi of Ḫatti to Ibiranu of Ugarit (3.32) §1 Thus says Prince Piha-Walwi: Say to my “son” (i.e., subordinate), Ibiranu: §2 All is well at present with His Majesy. §3 Why have you not come before His Majesty since you became king in the land of Ugarit? Why have you not sent your messengers? His Majesty is very angry about this matter. So send your messengers to His Maje…

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 2 (HKM 2) (3.14)

(351 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 2 ( HKM 2) (3.14) Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 4) Concerning the matter of chariotry1 about which you wrote to me: Be advised that I have already dispatched chariotry. Wait for it. ( 10) Concerning the matter of Ḫimuili’s brother about which you wrote: I am dispatching him now. [ps]2 ( 14) Say to Uzzū, my dear brother: Thus speaks Šuriḫili, your brother: With me all is well. ( 17) May all be well also with y…

The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 1 (HKM 1) (3.13)

(221 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters; Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) The King to Kaššū In Tapikka 1 ( HKM 1) (3.13) Thus speaks His Majesty: Say to Kaššū: ( 4) Concerning the matter1 of the enemy2 about which you wrote to me, saying: “The enemy is holding the city Kašaša”: ( 8) Be advised that I have just dispatched chariotry. Be very much on guard against the enemy.3 Bibliographical References Text:  HKM 1  HBM 120f., 302. Translations:  HBM 121. Notes^ back to text1. The sections beginning with the word “Con…

From Büyükkale, Building A (3.39)

(251 words)

Contributor(s): Hallo, William W.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Accounts; Archive Shelf Lists From Büyükkale, Building A (3.39) (iv.3–5) Tablet Two: “When the king, queen and princes give substitutes to the Sungoddess of the Netherworld.” (Composition) finished. We didn’t find the first tablet. ( iv.6–7) Tablet One: The word of Annana, woman from Zigazḫur: “When I invoke the deity Miyatanzipa.” (Composition) finished. ( iv.8–10) One “long tablet”: “When the singer libates in the temple of the deity Inar, breaks thick loaves, and recites i…

Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) (3.HI.A.1)

(147 words)

Author(s): Hoffner, Harry A., Jr.
Subject: Archival Documents from the Biblical World; Hittite Archival Documents; Letters Commentary Maşat was a provincial center situated some 30 miles due east of Ḫattuša. The letters found there date to the Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 bce). Their background is formed by the conflict between the Hittite rulers in Ḫattuša and the Kaška of northern Anatolia (COSB.3.13, note 1). 1. Middle Hittite Period (ca. 1450–1350 BCE) Notes^ back to text1. The “enemy” referred to anonymously in these letters found at Maşat is thought to have been the non-seden…
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