Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Critolaus

(2,601 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 30/07/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Critolaus | Κριτόλαος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Jacoby 1922 attributes to a scholar named Critolaus a grammatical1 interpretation of the meaning of the phrase ἦ δ’ ὅς; it is ascribed by the lexicographical tradition to a Critolaus and to a Chares2 who cannot otherwise be identified (Phot. Lex.η…

Harpocration [4]

(931 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Harpocration [4] | Ἁρποκρατίων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: post 1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: This grammarian1 is known from only one attestation in the scholia on the Iliad (9, 453c), where he is mentioned for his commentary on Book 9, or on the entire poem2, if we accept the conjecture of Heyne (1802, p. 626) who corre…

Socrates [2]

(5,527 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Socrates [2] | Σωκράτης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Argos Date: before 1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Socrates was an Argive grammarian1 who lived, according to Halliday (1928, p. 116) and Griffiths (1970), in the 2nd c. CE, but according to Gudeman (1927) in the 3rd c. CE. A relevant chronological detail could be Demetrius …

Adrastus

(6,766 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Adrastus | Ἄδραστος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Aphrodisias Date: first half of the 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Adrastus was a Peripatetic philosopher1 and native of Aphrodisias in Caria who lived in the 2nd c. CE: the mention of Adrastus by Galen2 (ca. 130-ca. 200 CE) constitutes a terminus ante quem useful for dating the act…

Hesychius

(3,873 words)

Author(s): Valente, Stefano
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Stefano Valente and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hesychius | Ἡσύχιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 5th-6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Hesychius of Alexandria was probably active around the year 500 CE. The sole information that we have about his life and work comes from the prefatory letter to his lexicon (pp. 1–2 Latte). It is dedicated to a certain Eulogi…

Andromachus [2] Philologus

(1,030 words)

Author(s): D’Alessandro, Giulia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giulia D’Alessandro and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Andromachus [2] Philologus | Ἀνδρόμαχος ὁ φιλόλογος Identity: Place of Origin: Hierapolis? Date: 4th-3rd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Andromachus is known in the sources as the father of the tragedian Homer of Byzantium1 ( V. Hes. 223, 38-42; Tz. V. Lyc. 4, 30-33; Sch. Theocr. Anecd. Est. 3, 24-27) and the husband of the poetess Moero of Byzant…

Archias

(3,006 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Archias | Ἀρχίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The principal source of information about the life of Archias is an entry in the Suda1 (ε 2004, s.v.Ἐπαφρόδιτος), probably derived from the biographical work of Hermippus of Berytus2 περὶ τῶν διαπρεψάντων ἐν παιδείᾳ δούλων, in which Archias is presen…

Nessas

(1,808 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nessas | Νεσσᾶς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Chios Date: 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Chios, Nessas was a student of Democritus1 and the teacher of Metrodorus of Chios2 The name is attested also with the variant Νέσσος (Porph. ad Il. 9, 378, Sch. vet. Hes. Op. 77c Pertusi), but the form Νεσσᾶς, used by Diogenes Laertius3 (9, 58) …

Epaphroditus

(14,674 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Epaphroditus | Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chaeronea Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Biographical information about Epaphroditus can be found in the Suda1 (ε 2004 = T 1-2 Braswell-Billerbeck), which calls him a native of Chaeronea and a student of the Alexandrian scholar Archias2, who directed hi…

Eudaemon

(6,390 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eudaemon | Εὐδαίμων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Pelusium Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Eudaemon was a grammarian1 and poet, as well as a contemporary of Libanius2, who was his friend and epistolary correspondent (Lib. epist. 167, 255, 633); he was born ca. 314–324 CE and died before 392 CE (so Kaster 1988, p.…

Hypsicrates

(2,824 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Perrone and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hypsicrates | Ὑψικράτης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Amisus Date: 1st c. BCE - 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 named Hypiscrates who is cited among others by Varro2 (LL 5, 88) and Stephanus of Byzantium3 (α 124 [Billerbeck], s.v.Αἰθίοψ) can plausibly be identified as the historian4 ( FGrHist 190 [BNJ]) who is m…

Iason

(2,894 words)

Author(s): Matijašić, Ivan
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Ivan Matijašić and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iason | Ἰάσων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Argos Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Biographical information about Iason of Argos is scarce, confused, and contradictory. The starting point is necessarily the lemma of the Suda1 dedicated to him ( Sud.ι 53): there he is called a historian2 contemporaneous with, but yo…

Leptines

(1,792 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Leptines | Λεπτίνης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Identified, probably wrongly, by Boeckh (1819, p. 248) as the Leptines cited in the catalogue of the writings of Chrysippus1, this grammarian2 is mentioned in a scholion to Pindar3 ( O. 10, 55b) together with Aristodemus of Elis4 and a Diony…

Philemon [4]

(902 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 16/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [4] | Φιλήμων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The author of Vita XIX of the Historia Augusta1, dedicated to the Maximini duo, mentions a Philemon as the Latin teacher of C. Iulius Verus Maximinus; C. Wendel ( Philemon [n. 15], RE 19, 2 [1938], 2152), followed later by H. Gärtner ( Philemon [n. 5], K…

Democritus

(1,173 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Democritus | Δημόκριτος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Troezen Date: ante 2nd-3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The two fragments that bear the name of Democritus of Troezen, preserved by the Certamen Homeri et Hesiodi1 and by Diogenes Laertius2, have been attributed until now to the grammarian3 Demetrius of Troezen4, on the basis of two authorit…

Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II

(4,629 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Εὐεργήτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: post 182 – 116 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes1 and Cleopatra I2, and he was the younger brother of Ptolemy VI Philometor3. The terminus post quem for his birth has been fixed…

Harpocration [3]

(4,500 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Harpocration [3] | Ἁρποκρατίων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Active in the late Imperial Age, Harpocration was the author of a Περὶ φυσικῶν δυνάμεων ζῴων τε καὶ φυτῶν καὶ λίθων, i.e., a study of the δυνάμεις of plants, animals, and stones. In the past this Harpocration was…

Aristodemus [2]

(997 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [2] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: Place of Origin: Nysa (Caria) Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Aristodemus was a native of Nysa in Caria, and he was an older cousin and namesake of the more famous grammarian of Nysa1. He too engaged in philological studies2, and according to Strabo3, the sole secure ancient source who deals wi…

Lysimachus

(8,380 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lysimachus | Λυσίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The information we have about Lysimachus is meager and uncertain. We do not know his city of origin: some sources call him an Alexandrian (ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς: Sch. Ap. Rh. 1, 558 and Sch. Soph. OC. 91), but this should probab…

Dionysius [16] Tryphonius

(1,981 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and publis…
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