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Kemāl Reʾīs

(642 words)

Author(s): Göyünç, Nejat
(d. 917/1511), a Turkish corsair and admiral in the time of Bāyezīd II (886-918/1481-1512), and uncle of the celebrated Pīrī Reʾīs [ q.v.]. Born in Gallipoli of a Turkish family originally from Ḳarāmān, he joined the campaign of Agriboz in 874/1470 under Maḥmūd Pas̲h̲a. Later he settled down in that island and was raised to the rank ¶ of ʿazablar āg̲h̲āsi̊ . He gained great fame through his corsair activities in the western Mediterranean, so that in 900/1495 Bāyezīd II took him and his nephew Pīrī Reʾīs into the Ottoman service at a salary of 20 aḳčas per day. In the …


(992 words)

Author(s): Göyünç, Nejat
, the name of a family of Ottoman ʿulamāʾ which became prominent during the 10th/16th and 11th/17th centuries. ¶ The founder of the family, (1). Meḥmed Muḥyi ʾl-Dīn Efendi, was given the laḳab Ḳarā-Čelebi-zāde after his maternal grandfather, Ḳarā Yaʿḳūb. He held several positions as a müderris , was the teacher of Sulaymān I’s son Muṣṭafā. and ḳāḍī in Edirne and Istanbul. His pseudonym as a poet was Hid̲j̲rī, and he is said to have left a dīwān of poetry. He died in 965/1557. (2). Ḳarā-Čelebi-zāde Ḥüseyn Ḥüsām al-Dīn Efendi was born in 940/1553 in Kütahya, was ḳāḍī-ʿasker [ q.v.] of Anadolu a…

Kenʿān Pas̲h̲a

(718 words)

Author(s): Babinger, Fr. | Göyünç, Nejat
, also nicknamed Ṣari̊ (“pale-faced”) and Ṭopal (“Lame”), High Admiral ( Ḳapudān Pas̲h̲a , [ q.v.]) under the Ottoman Sultan Meḥemmed IV, d. 1069/1659. He originated from the northeastern shores of the Black Sea (Russian or Circassian?) and came as a slave into the service of Baḳi̊rd̲j̲i Aḥmad Pas̲h̲a, Ottoman governor of Egypt. On the latter’s execution he was taken by Sulṭān Murād IV into the Palace and educated there. He was promoted to be Ag̲h̲a of the stirrup-holders ( Rikāb-dār ag̲h̲asi̊ ) (Chronicle of Wed̲j̲īhī, f. 91b of the Vienna MS.), became …