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HOUSING IN IRAN

(3,221 words)

Author(s): Habibollah Zanjani
This entry examines: (1) the growth of housing units during 1966-96; (2) housing policies adopted in various development plans and the results; (3) main characteristics of housing in Iran; and (4) investment in, and economics of, housing. This article is available in print. Volume XII, Fascicle 5, pp. 535-540 HOUSING IN IRAN. This entry examines the following main topics: (1) the growth of housing units during 1966-96; (2) the policies adopted in various development plans towards housing and the results obtained; (3) main characteristics of hous…
Date: 2013-06-11

KARAJ ii. Population

(2,239 words)

Author(s): Habibollah Zanjani
Since the 1976 census, when Tehran was no longer counted within the boundaries of Central (Markazi) province and formed its own province, Karaj has been one of its sub-provinces. This article is available in print. Volume XV, Fascicle 5, pp. 538-543 KARAJ ii. Population This sub-entry is divided into two sections: Karaj Sub-province and Karaj City. KARAJ SUB-PROVINCE Since the 1976 census, when Tehran was no longer counted within the boundaries of Central (Markazi) province and formed its own province, Karaj has been one of its sub-provinces. Originall…
Date: 2015-06-08

HUMAN MIGRATION

(2,088 words)

Author(s): Mehdi Amani | Habibollah Zanjani
This subject includes three types of human migration in modern Iran: (1) migration within the country; (2) immigration of foreign nationals to Iran; and (3) emigration of Iranians to foreign countries. This article is available in print. Volume XII, Fascicle 5, pp. 557-560 and Vol. XII, Fasc. 6, 561 HUMAN MIGRATION. This subject includes three types of human migration in modern Iran: (1) migration within the country; (2) immigration of foreign nationals to Iran; and (3) emigration of Iranians to foreign countries. i. INTERNAL MIGRATION The cornerstone of the concept of migration…
Date: 2013-06-11

ILĀM

(5,616 words)

Author(s): M. Rezazadeh Shafarudi | Habibollah Zanjani
a province, sub-province, and town in western Iran. ILĀM, a province, sub-province, and town in western Iran. The name “Ilām” was given to the above localities for the first time in 1936, after the breakdown of armed resistance of the Lor tribes and establishment of the authority of the central government during the Reza Shah era. The name was taken from the ancient kingdom of Elam, which extended from the above region to the provinces of Ḵuzestān, Fārs, Isfahan, and Kermān. Until the mid-1930s the regi…
Date: 2016-08-24

KASHAN

(35,266 words)

Author(s): Habibollah Zanjani | EIr. | Xavier de Planhol | Mohammad- Reza Haeri | Habib Borjian | Et al.
historical city and a sub-province of the province of Isfahan on the north-south axial route of central Iran. A version of this article is available in print Volume XVI, Fascicle 1, pp. 1 blod:KASHAN (Kāšān) historical city and a sub-province of the province of Isfahan on the north-south axial route of central Iran (lat 33° 59ʹ 30ʹʹ N, long 51° 27ʹ 00ʹʹ E; elev. 950 m). The city is located 260 km (189 km air) south of Tehran and 220 km (146 km air) north of Isfahan. This entry is divided into the following nine articles: KASHAN i. GEOGRAPHY Physical geography. Covering an area of approximately…
Date: 2017-04-27

HAMADĀN

(25,162 words)

Author(s): Parviz Aḏkāʾi | EIr | Habibollah Zanjani | Xavier de Planhol | Abdolhamid Eshragh | Et al.
province, governorship, and city located in the Zagros region of western Persia. This article is available in print. Volume XI, Fascicle 6, pp. 595-627 HAMADĀN , province, governorship, and city located in the Zagros region of western Persia. HAMADĀN i. GEOGRAPHY Hamadān is one of the western provinces of Persia, situated to the southwest of Tehran between latitudes 33°59’ and 35°48’ north and longitudes 47°34’ and 49°36’ east. The city of Hamadān (the capital of the province) is located at 37°47’ N and 48°30’ E, at an altitude of 1,64…
Date: 2016-02-22

GILĀN PROVINCE

(101,222 words)

Author(s): Marcel Bazin | Habibollah Zanjani | Ezat O. Negahban | Wilferd Madelung | Manouchehr Kasheff | Et al.
or Ḡelān; province at the southwestern coast of the Caspian Sea. This article is available in print. Volume X, Fascicle 6, pp. 617-668 GĪLĀN i. GEOGRAPHY AND ETHNOGRAPHY Physical Geography (Figure 1). Gīlān includes the northwestern end of the Alborz chain and the western part of the Caspian lowlands of Persia. The mountainous belt is cut through by the deep transversal valley of the Safīdrūd between Manjīl and Emāmzāda Hāšem near Rašt. To the northwest, the Ṭāleš highlands stretch a continuous watershed separating Gīlān an…
Date: 2016-07-19

ISFAHAN

(139,009 words)

Author(s): EIr | Xavier de Planhol | Heidi Walcher | Habibollah Zanjani | John F. Hansman | Et al.
ancient province and old city in central Iran. Isfahan city has served as one of the most important urban centers on the Iranian Plateau since ancient times. This article is available in print. Volume XIII, Fascicle 6, pp. 613-675 and Volume XIV, Fascicle 1, 2, pp. 1-119 ISFAHAN, ancient province and old city in central Iran (Middle Pers. “Spahān,” New Pers. “Eṣfahān”). Isfahan city has served as one of the most important urban centers on the Iranian Plateau since ancient times and has gained, over centuries of urbanization, many significant…
Date: 2016-07-19