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TALMUD, PERSIAN ELEMENTS IN

(1,533 words)

Author(s): Jacob Neusner
Persian influence on Judaism through the Babylonian Talmud (Bavli) is by no means negligible. The Bavli is full of Iranian words and motifs. TALMUD, PERSIAN ELEMENTS IN. While the Jews of the Parthian and Sasanian empires spoke (eastern) Aramaic, not Middle Persian, Persian influence on Judaism through the Babylonian Talmud (Bavli) is by no means negligible. The Bavli is full of Iranian words and motifs, such as the resurrection of the dead and the last judgment, that are familiar in Zoroastrianism. The laws of purity…
Date: 2013-01-17

JEWISH EXILARCHATE

(646 words)

Author(s): Jacob Neusner
position of the head of the Jewish community in Babylonia in talmudic and medieval times, recognized in Sasanian times as an ethnarch, ruler of the ethnic group. JEWISH EXILARCHATE, the position of head of the exile, whose title in Aramaic was Resh Galuta. The exilarch was the head of the Jewish community in Babylonia in talmudic and medieval times; he was recognized by the Iranian government in Sasanian times as an ethnarch, ruler of the ethnic group. Rabbinic traditions in Seder Olam Zuta claim the institution originated in the exile of Jehoiachin, 2 Kgs. 225:27/1 Chr.…
Date: 2012-03-14

JUDEO-PERSIAN COMMUNITIES

(79,893 words)

Author(s): Houman Sarshar | Mayer I. Gruber | Jacob Neusner | Vera Basch Moreen | Daniel Tsadik | Et al.
OF IRAN, one of the oldest Jewish populations in the Diaspora. This article is available in print. Volume XV, Fascicle 1, pp. 89-112 This entry will be divided into the following sub-entries: JUDEO-PERSIAN COMMUNITIES i. INTRODUCTION Jewish communities have been living upon the Persian plateau since ca. 721 BCE, when King Sargon II (r. 721-705 BCE) relocated large communities of conquered Israelites “in the cities of the Medes” (western and northern regions of present-day Persia; 2 Kings 17:6; 18:10-11). The most significant mass …
Date: 2012-04-18