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Capernaum
(472 words)

[German version]

City in  Galilaea on the north-west shore of the Sea of Galilee ( Tiberias). The Greek designation Καφαρναούμ (Kapharnaoúm), in the NT in some variants also Καπερναούμ (Kapernaoúm Mk 1,21), is derived from the Hebrew Kefar Naḥūm (village of Naḥūm) which appears in a Byzantine inscription found in the synagogue of Ḥammaṯ-Gāder. In later Jewish tradition, the name was changed to Kefar Tanḥūm or simply Tanḥūm, which in turn gave rise to the current Arab name Talḥūm (but not Tall Ḥūm as a derivation of Tall Naḥūm).

Even though C. was inhabited from the 3rd millennium B…

Cite this page
Pahlitzsch, Johannes (Berlin), “Capernaum”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 15 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e608510>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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