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Re
(650 words)

[German version]

(R), the most important god in the Egyptian pantheon. Essentially merely the word for 'sun' and as appellative still used as such in Coptic, translated into Greek as Helios. Re is the god who originated in himself, yet the primeval ocean Nun is considered to be his father. In Heliopolis he is linked with the god Atum, and his children are Shu and Tefnut (Tefnut, legend of). Often the epithet 'Horus of the horizon' (Harachte), is bestowed on him.

The phases of the sun during the day are classified by the Egyptians as Chepre (morning), Re (midday) and Atum (e…

Cite this page
Quack, Joachim (Berlin), “Re”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 17 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1019320>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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