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Sychem
(283 words)

[German version]

(Hebrew šḵæm; Συχεμ, cf. Gn 12:6, Latin Sychem). City in Samaria c. 2 km to the southeast of Nāblus between the mountains of Ebal and Garizim on the hill of Tall Balāṭa and today partly covered by an Arab village called Balāṭa. S. acquired strategic and economic significance because of its location at a central junction in the road network of Samaria. Settled by 3500 BC, S. was attacked and destroyed by Egypt several times in the 2nd millennium. After the death of Solomon [1], the election of Jeroboam as the first king of the Northern Kingdom (Judah and Israel) took place the…

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Pahlitzsch, Johannes (Berlin), “Sychem”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 15 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1111750>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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