Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Al-radd ʿalā lladhīna yaqūlūna inna kalimat Allāh makhlūqa
(187 words)

The Refutation of those who say that the Word of God is created

Theodore Abū Qurra

Date: Late 8th or early 9th c.

Original Language: Arabic


Taking as its starting point the qurʾānic acknowledgment of Christ as the Word of God, this text seeks to explain how this Word was begotten without the physical accouterments of birth and why it is necessary that this Word be eternal like God himself.


Theodore's opponents in this text are unnamed. In that they ac…

Cite this page
Lamoreaux, John C., “ Al-radd ʿalā lladhīna yaqūlūna inna kalimat Allāh makhlūqa”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 06 May 2021 <>
First published online: 2010

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