Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Miṣbāḥ al-ẓulma wa-īḍāḥ al-khidma
(1,025 words)

'A lamp in the darkness and illumination of service'

Al-Shams ibn Kabar

Date: Probably after 1293 and before 1314

Original Language: Arabic


The work consists of an introduction and 24 chapters of varying length. Chs 1 and 2 are theological, based on previous authors such as Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī (q.v.), al-Ṣafī ibn al-ʿAssāl (q.v.) and al-Muʾtaman ibn al-ʿAssāl (q.v.), who are not named, and Severus ibn al-Muqaffaʿ (q.v.),…

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Awad, Wadi, “ Miṣbāḥ al-ẓulma wa-īḍāḥ al-khidma”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 15 May 2021 <>
First published online: 2010

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