Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Med̲j̲elle
(658 words)

(a. mad̲j̲alla). Under this name the Civil Law Code of Turkey; is generally known it is an abbreviation of Med̲j̲elle-i aḥkām-i ʿadlīye. The elaboration of this Civil Code took place between 1869 and 1876 and was a part of the legislative programme of the Tanẓīmāt [q. v.]. It had been preceded by a Penal Code (1858) and a Commercial Code (1861), but, while these two codifications had been based in a large measure on the laws of European countries, the Med̲j̲elle was a codification of that part of Ḥanafite fiḳh, which treats of obligations (muʿāmalāt). The codification was done by a commi…

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Kramers, J. H., “Med̲j̲elle”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 15 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_4634>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936



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