Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Ṣolaḳ
(194 words)

was the name, in the old military organisation of the Ottoman Empire, of the archers of the Sulṭān’s bodyguard. The word ṣolaḳ is an old Turkish word meaning “left-handed”. The relation of this meaning to that of archer is not quite clear. The solaks belonged to the Janissaries, of which they formed four orta’s (60th -63rd), each of 100 men under the command of a Ṣolaḳ Bas̲h̲i̊, and two lieutenants (rekiab ṣolag̲h̲i̊). They were, however, used exclusively as bodyguards, a duty they shared with the peik’s [q. v.]. They had the same uniform as the Janissaries, except that they wore a cap (uskiuf) …

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Kramers, J. H., “Ṣolaḳ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 15 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_5468>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936



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