Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(Ottoman Turkish: Warād , Wārād , Warāt , etc., Romanian: Oradea, German: Groβwardein), an important town originally in the Hungarian county of Bihar, part of Transylvania after the creation of this principality, centre of an Ottoman wilāyet [q.v.] between 1660 and 1692, and today a place of regional significance in Romania with a considerable Hungarian population.

As a fortified place since the 10th century and as seat of a bishop since the 11th century, Várad acquired early importance among Hungarian towns. Partly destroyed by the Mongols in 1241, …

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Dávid, G., “Nagyvárad”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5750>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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