Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Pādis̲h̲āh
(646 words)

(p.), the name for Muslim rulers, especially emperors. The Persian term pād-i s̲h̲āh , i.e. (according to M. Bittner, in E. Oberhummer, Die Türken und das Osmanische Reich , Leipzig 1917, 105) “lord who is a royalty” in which the root pad is connected with Sanskrit patis , lord, husband, fern, patni , Greek πότνια and δεσ-πότης, Lat. potens (G. Curtius, Griech . Etymol ., 377), was originally a title reserved exclusively for the sovereign, which in course of time and as a result of the long intercourse of the Ottomans with the states of the West also came t…

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Babinger, Fr. and Bosworth, C.E., “Pādis̲h̲āh”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 15 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6055>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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