Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(750 words)

(Ottoman Pečūy , German Fünfkirchen, Latin Quinque Ecclesiae), town and centre of a sand̲j̲aḳ in Transdanubian Hungary.

Founded on the site of Roman Sopianae and preserving remnants of buildings from the first centuries of Christianity, Pécs became an episcopal see in 1009, housed the first university of the country (established in 1367) and was the most important economic centre south of Lake Balaton throughout the Middle Ages.

The town surrendered without fight to the forces of Ḳāsi̊m, sand̲j̲aḳ-begi of Mohács [q.v.], and Murād, sand̲jaḳ-begi of Pozsega (Pōzheg̲h̲a), during …

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Dávid, G., “Pécs”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6109>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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