Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Pest
(445 words)

(Ottoman Pes̲h̲te ), formerly a separate town, in Ottoman times centre of a nāḥiye in the sand̲j̲aḳ of Budīn [q.v.], today part of the capital of Hungary.

It was an earlier settlement than Buda, with mostly German inhabitants. After the Mongol invasion in A.D. 1241-2, with the creation of the fortification on the Castle Hill of present-day Buda (called new Pest for a period), Pest slowly lost some of its importance and was overshadowed by the capital, to which also the Germans moved. Nevertheless, the population of Pest reached some 7-8,000 souls at the end of the 15th century.

Although surro…

Cite this page
Dávid, G., “Pest”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6119>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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