Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(262 words)

(p., T.), a title of Ottoman princes.

The term s̲h̲ehzāde (or s̲h̲āhzāde , from Pers. s̲h̲āh “king” + zāda “born of”), “prince”, was one of the titles used for the male children born to a reigning Ottoman sultan. It is said to have been introduced by Meḥemmed I (816-24/1413-21) for his own sons, and over subsequent decades gradually superseded the earlier term čelebi . S̲h̲ehzāde came into use around the same time as the tide pādis̲h̲āh [q.v.], as part of the general elevation of Ottoman political and cultural pretensions following Meḥemmed I’s reunification of the stat…

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Woodhead, Christine, “S̲h̲ehzāde”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 15 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6908>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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