Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(Ottoman, Segedīn), a town and centre of a sand̲j̲aḳ in the Great Plain of Hungary, along the river Tisza. First mentioned in a 1183 charter, Szeged acquired town privileges in the 13th century and became a civitas (“free royal town”) in 1498. After being ransacked by the Ottomans in 1526 and by the Serbian militia of “Tsar” Yovan in 1527, it enjoyed peaceful years until 1541. Since the town had some ruinous remnants of a mediaeval castle only, it was unable to show resistance, and was easily taken by the Ottoman Pas̲h̲a of Buda early in 1543. A sand̲j̲aḳ was created immediately around Szege…

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Dávid, G., “Szeged”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7231>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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