Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Temes̲h̲wār
(593 words)

, Ṭi̊mi̊s̲h̲wār (?), the Ottoman rendering of Magyar Temesvár, Romanian Timişoara, a town and centre of a wilāyet in Ottoman Hungary, belonging to Romania since 1919.

First mentioned in an 1177 charter, Temesvár acquired regional importance as the seat of a county; even the royal court functioned here between 1315 and 1323. Situated near the Ottoman-Hungarian border, it gained strategic significance. In ca. 1480 a captainship-in-general was created around Temesvár in order to organise the defence of the eastern frontiers; the fortress resisted an Ottoman attack in 1551.

Although th…

Cite this page
Dávid, G., “Temes̲h̲wār”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7490>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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