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(723 words)

Author(s): Belke, Klaus (Vienna)
(Λυκαονία; Lykaonía). [German version] A. Geography, population, economy Country in central Asia Minor with changing boundaries which extended from Tatta Limne (modern Lake Tuz) in the north to the Taurus in the south and from the Coralis Limne (modern Lake Beyşehir) in the west to Mount Karaca in the east. Most of the area was taken up by the steppe-like plateaus about Iconium (Konya) and in the south and southwest by Tatta Limne. In the west and south, L. included part of the western Taurus, which r…


(96 words)

Author(s): Belke, Klaus (Vienna)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Christianity | | Coloniae | Ḫattusa (Λύστρα; Lýstra), modern Hatunsaray; south-west of Iconium (Turkey). Founded by Augustus as a Roman colony in the province of Galatia [1. 51-53, 153-156, 195-197]. Christianized by the Apostle Paul during his 1st and 2nd missionary journey (Acts 14:6-20; 16:1-3; 2 Tim 3:11). Around 370 annexed to the new province of Lycaonia. Attested as a diocese (suffragan of Iconium) from 380 [2. 200]. Belke, Klaus (Vienna) Bibliography 1 B. Levick, Roman Colonies in Southern Asia Minor, 1967 2 Belke.


(132 words)

Author(s): Belke, Klaus (Vienna)
[German version] (Κόραλις λίμνη ( Kóralis límnē), erroneously often found as Κάραλις ( Káralis) [1. 3]). One of the most important lakes of central Anatolia between Lycaonia and Pisidia, today's Beyşehir Gölü. Only Str. 12,6,1 refers to it by the name of C.; in the Byzantine Middle Ages, it is usually called Pousgoýse límnē (Πουσγούση λίμνη). The drain of the lake flows through the south-eastern Trogítis límnē (today's Suğla Gölü), which is significantly smaller and largely drained today, and it irrigates as Çarşamba Suyu the plain south of  Iconium [2]. It must be distinguished fro…


(88 words)

Author(s): Belke, Klaus (Vienna)
[German version] (Κάν[ν]α; Kán[n]a). Town in eastern Lycaonia, modern Beşağıl (formerly Gene), east of  Iconium on the road from Amorium to the Cilician Gates [1. 100f., 185]. Seen by Ptol. 5,6,15 as part of Lycaonia (within Cappadocia). From AD 381 at the latest, there was a diocese in Lycaonia (suffragan of Iconium), which continued to exist into the 12th cent. [1. 185]. Inscriptions, amongst those two which bear the town's name, are extant from the 2nd cent. AD [2] onwards. Belke, Klaus (Vienna) Bibliography 1 Belke 2 MAMA 8, XIII, 38-40.


(1,011 words)

Author(s): Gerber, Jörg (Bochum) | Podella, Thomas (Lübeck) | Belke, Klaus (Vienna) | Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart)
(Λαοδίκεια; Laodíkeia). [German version] [1] Port-town in north-west Syria, modern Latakia This item can be found on the following maps: Syria | Theatre | | Coloniae | Commerce | Hellenistic states | Limes | Pompeius | Education / Culture (Λ. ἐπὶ τῇ θαλάσσῃ; L. epì têi thalássēi). Port in north-west Syria (now Latakia or al-Lāḏiqīya), not far from the Bronze Age Ugarit (Ra's Šamra). Founded by Seleucus I around 300 BC together with its sister towns of Antioch, Apamea and Seleucea (the so-called North Syrian Tetrapolis) and equipped with an…


(264 words)

Author(s): Belke, Klaus (Vienna)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Sassanids | Byzantium | Christianity | Xenophon | Zenobia | | Coloniae | Commerce | Ḫattusa | Asia Minor | Asia Minor | Rome (Ἰκόνιον; Ikónion, modern Konya). The most important city in Lycaonia developed out of a prehistoric settlement inhabited by the Phrygians (8th cent. BC); only in Xen. An. 1,2,19 is it mentioned as easternmost city of Phrygia, at the crossroads of major trading and military routes. In 25 BC, I. became part of the new province of Galatia along wit…


(98 words)

Author(s): Belke, Klaus (Vienna)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: | Diadochi and Epigoni (Λάρανδα; Láranda). Hellenistic city in southern Lycaonia, modern Karaman, became part of Galatia in 25 BC and under Antoninus Pius belonged to the treís eparchíai. Member of the koinón Lykaonías with the honorary title of ( Sebastḗ) Mētrópolis (coins) [1. 25-32, 43f.]. Under Diocletianus annexed to the province of Isauria, around 370 to Lycaonia. Bishops known from the 3rd cent., from about 370 suffragan of Iconium [2. 197f.]. Belke, Klaus (Vienna) Bibliography 1 H. v. Aulock, Mz. und Städte Lykaon…


(637 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) | Belke, Klaus (Vienna) | Wirbelauer, Eckhard (Freiburg)
(Ἁδριανόπολις; Hadrianópolis). [German version] [1] City in Paphlagonia Caesarea (Καισάρεια; Kaisáreia). City in Paphlagonia in the basin of Eskipazar (formerly Viranşehir), close to the fortress of Semail, the centre of the Paphlagonian region of Sanisene [2]. In 6/5 BC this, together with Potamia and Marmolitis, became a regio attributa [1. 116ff.] of the Paphlagonian eparchía of the province of Galatia, which was soon organized as the pólis of H. (originally Καισαρεῖς Προσειλημμενεῖται [1. no. 1]). Before AD 305/6 H. was defeated and became the province of…


(140 words)

Author(s): Belke, Klaus (Vienna)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Christianity (Δέρβη; Dérbē). City in the south of Lycaonia, now Devri Şehri, north-east of  Laranda. Known first as the residence of Antipater of D. (Cic. Fam. 13,73; Str. 12,1,4; 6,3). The Apostle Paul visited the city on his first and second missionary journeys (Acts 14,6; 16,1). Assigned by Ptolemy to the ‘Cappadocian’ stratēgía Antiochiánē (Ptol. 5,6,16); from the middle of the 2nd cent. AD member of the koinòn Lykaonı́as which was limited to south Lycaonia [1. 38-40, 67]. A Lycaonian diocese from no later …