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Erigon

(38 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Ἐριγών; Erigṓn). Largest tributary of the  Axius, flows through the Macedonian regions of Lyncestis, Pelagonia and Derriopus, mouth near Stobi; today's Crna Reka. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 292.

Chalastra

(91 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
(Χαλάστρα; Chalástra). [German version] [1] City at the mouth of the Axius City at the mouth of the Axius (Str. 7 fr. 20; 23; cf. Hdt. 7,123), identified by Hecataeus as belonging to Thrace (Steph. Byz. s.v.). The population was recruited for the foundation of Thessalonica (Str. 7 fr. 21). Not located. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 199. [German version] [2] Lake Natron-bearing lake, probably near the town of the same name (Steph. Byz. s.v.; Plin. HN 31,107; Suda s.v.). Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)

Cambounia

(64 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Καμβούνια; Kamboúnia). Mountainous region in northern Greece west of Mt. Olympus, which separated the Macedonian region of  Elimea from the tripolis of the Perrhaebi, and forms the southern watershed of the  Haliacmon. The easiest way to cross the C. was via the pass of Volustana (918 m) (cf. Liv. 42,53,6; 44,2,10). Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography B. Saria, s.v. Volustana, RE 9A, 906.

Lydias

(78 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Λυδίας; Lydías). Navigable river in Macedon (supplied by the nowadays dried Lake Loudias), which connected Pella with the sea (Str. 7, fr. 20; 22). Mentioned already by Hecat. FGrH 1 F 147 and Scyl. 66. The mouth appears to have shifted to the north in antiquity, since Hdt. 7,127 reports a common mouth of the L. and the Haliacmon. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 101f., 125 map 2.

Doberus

(75 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Δόβηρος; Dóbēros). City in Paeonia, probably in the valley of the Strymon. Place of assembly for Sitalces' assault on the Macedonian kingdom in 432 BC (Thuc. 2,98,2). Absorbed into Macedon (possibly under Philip II), D. became a civitas of the Roman province of Macedonia (Plin. HN 4,35). Pillaged by the Goths in AD 267 (Zos. 1,43); diocese (Council of Chalcedon). Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 328f.

Emathia

(65 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Ἠμαθία; Ēmathía). Old name for Lower Macedonian regions (Hom. Il. 14,226; Str. 7, fr. 11), later only an imprecise poetic term for Macedonia west of the  Axius without Pieria (Ptol. 3,13,9). By E. Pol. 23,10,4 understood Paeonia, Str. l.c. (cf. Steph. Byz. s.v.) knew of a city E. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography N. G. L. Hammond, A History of Macedonia I, 1972, 155f.

Xylopolis

(23 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Ξυλόπολις; Xylopolis). Settlement at Mygdonia [1] in Macedonia (Plin. HN. 4,35; Ptol. 3,13,36), not located. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)

Prasias limne

(51 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Πρασιὰς λίμνη; Prasiàs límnē). Lake in the Strymon valley (modern Limni Kerkinis in Greece). The Paeones lived there in palafittes as Hdt. 5,15 f. describes them. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography N. G. L. Hammond, A History of Macedonia, vol. 1, 1972, 193 f.  Müller, 89 f.

Pydna

(422 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Christianity | Diadochi and Epigoni | Macedonia, Macedones | Macedonia, Macedones | Punic Wars (Πύδνα; Pýdna). Greek seaport on the coast of Pieria in Macedonia to the north of Cape Atherida (Macedonia, with maps). As early as the 5th cent. BC, P. was considered to belong to Macedonia (Thuc. 1,137,2: “ἐς Πύδναν τὴν Ἀλεξάνδρου”, referring to king Alexander [II 2] of Macedonia). In 432 BC, P. was besieged by the Athenians (Thuc. 1,61,2 f.); in 410, it was final…

Stobi

(187 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Christianity | | Coloniae | Macedonia, Macedones | Macedonia, Macedones | Balkans, languages (Στόβοι/ Stóboi). City in Paeonia (Paeones, Paeonia) with an Illyrian/Thracian/Macedonian population, on the route through the valley of the Axios from Thessalonica to the Ister [1] (Danube), at the mouth of the Erigonus (Str. 8,8,5). Macedonian probably since Antigonus [3], who re-established S. as Antigoneia (Plin. HN 4,34). After the Roman peace of 168 BC the city belonged to the 2nd merís ('region') of Macedonia, …

Lyncus

(96 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Λύγκος; Lýnkos). Upper Macedonian region north of Eordaea and Orestis whose inhabitants were called Lynkēstaí. In the 5th cent. BC, L. was not yet integrated by the Macedonian Argead kings into their region of power (Thuc. 2,99,2; 4,83,1), which probably did not occur until under Philip II, who possibly founded the important city of Heraclea [2]. The via Egnatia passed through L. [1. 14-22]. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography 1 L. Gounaropoulou, M. B. Hatzopoulos, Les milliaires de la voie egnatienne... , 1985. F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Mac…

Therme

(161 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Macedonia, Macedones | Persian Wars (Θέρμη; Thérmē). City on the Thermaios Kolpos, which was named after T., near Thessalonica [1], which was founded in Hellenistic times; its location is disputed. Being a Macedonian city as early as the 6th cent. BC, T. became a rallying point for the Persian fleet in 480 BC (Persian Wars [1]; Hdt. 7,121). In 432 BC, T. was conquered by the Athenians (Thuc. 1,61,2) but was returned to the Macedonian king Perdiccas […

Bylazora

(63 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Βυλάζωρα, Βυλάζωρ, -ωρος; Bylázōra, Bylázōr, - ōros). Largest town in  Paeonia (Pol. 5,97), seized by Philippus V as a bulwark against the  Dardani (cf. Liv. 44,26,8 for 168 BC). Generally localized in the Axius valley near Veles, but so far finds have been insufficient to allow a definite identification. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 308.

Almopia

(62 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Ἀλμωπία; Almōpía). Fertile landscape in  Macedonia on the upper Ludias (today Moglenitsa), occupied early on by the Argeads (Thuc. 2,99,5). None of the cities Horma, Europus or Apsalus named in Ptol. 2,13,24 have been located. Under Roman rulership, there apparently was a civitas A. (Hierocles, Synekdemos 638,10). Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 169-173.

Akrothoon /Akrothooi

(74 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Delian League (Ἀκρόθῳον, Ἀκρόθῳοι; Akróthōion, Akróthōioi). Small town on the  Athos peninsula, south-east of the Xerxes canal (Hdt. 7,22,1; near the modern Magistis Lavras?). Apart from a local dialect, Greek was also spoken there (Thuc. 4,109,3). In the 1st cent. AD (Plin. HN 4,37), the town no longer existed. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography M. Zahrnt, Olynth und die Chalkidier, 1971, 150 f.

Calindoea

(137 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Καλίνδοια; Kalíndoia). Town in Mygdonia/Macedonia near the modern Kalamoton. In the 5th cent. BC, C. was part of the  Bottice (IG I3 76) and was probably still independent in 360 BC (IG IV2 1, 94 Ib 13), but may have come into the possession of the Macedonian kings under Philip II, and, together with neighbouring settlements, passed on to Macedonian settlers as a ‘donation’ ( dōreá) by Alexander the Great (SEG 36, 626). Latest under Augustus, C. became an autonomous city with its own council, ekklesia, and politarchs (SEG 35, 744). Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/L…

Leibethra

(156 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Λείβεθρα; Leíbethra). Macedonian city between Dion [II 2] and Heracleon [2] near modern Leptokarya (cf. Str. 7, fr. 18); its territorium bordered on Gonni [1. no. 2]. In the 3rd cent. BC, L. was considered to be autonomous as it received Delphian theōroí (‘envoys’) [2. 17 l. 52], but it obviously became merged with the Roman colony of Dion [II 2] (CIL III 591). According to Str. 9,2,25, L. was sacred to the Muses; Pausanias heard in Larisa the story that Orpheus had been buried in L. but after a severe flood his bones h…

Drabescus

(79 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Macedonia, Macedones (Δράβησκος; Drábēskos). City of the Edones near Zdravik c. 12 km north of  Amphipolis, where the Athenians were defeated by the Thracians in c. 465 BC (Thuc. 1,100,4). Traces of settlement are existing up into the Roman Imperial period, when D. was a station on the via Egnatia (Tab. Peut.: Daravescos). Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 391f. TIR K 35,1, 25.

Perrhaebi

(184 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Περραιβοί; Perrhaiboí). Tribe on the western slopes of Olympus [1] on the border between Thessalia and Macedonia. Still independent in Homer (Hom. Il. 2,749) , in the 5th cent. BC they were dependent on the Thessali, particularly on Larisa [3], as tributary períoikoi (Thuc. 4,78,6; Str. 9,5,19). From the period of their independence they retained two votes in the Delphic Amphictyonic Council  ( Amphiktyonía ), until Philip [4] II took one vote from them (346 BC). With Thessalia, the P. belonged to the Macedonian Kingdom unt…

Morrylus

(86 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Μόρρυλος/ Mόrrylos). City in Macedonian Crestonia (Macedonia) near modern Ano Apostoloi, known from inscriptions no earlier than the Hellenistic period, later also mentioned in Plin. HN 4,35 and Ptol. 3,13,38. M. had city status in the 3rd cent. BC and received theoroí (‘festival envoys’) from Delphi [1. 18 Z. 84]. M. sustained a significant cult of Asclepius. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography 1 A. Plassart, Liste delphique des théorodoques, in: BCH 45, 1921, 1-85. M.B. Chatzopoulos, L.D. Loukopoulou, M. Cité de la Crestonie (Meletem…
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