Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Epitherses

(1,582 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Epitherses | Ἐπιθέρσης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Nicaea Date: first half of the 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Epitherses was a grammarian1 who lived in the first half of the 1st c. CE and was the author of a work entitled Περὶ λέξεων Ἀττικῶν καὶ κωμικῶν καὶ τραγικῶν in at least two books, according to Stephanus of Byzantium2 (pp. 47…

Sopater [1]

(4,489 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Carla Castelli and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sopater [1] | Σώπατρος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Apamea Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sopater of Apamea was a sophist and philosopher1 according to the Suda (σ 845), which states that he was the successor of Plotinus2 after Porphyry3 and Iamblichus4. He was the most important Neoplatonic5 philosopher of his time ( Sud.π 1811; c…

Lycophron

(8,253 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lycophron | Λυκόφρων Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chalcis on Euboea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian1, a tragic writer2, and a member of the Pleiad, Lycophron was a native of Chalcis, the son of Socles, and the adoptive son of Lycus of Rhegium3. He wrote 64 or 46 tragedies; we know t…

Latinus

(1,223 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 7/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Latinus | Λατῖνος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The name of the grammarian Λατῖνος, which is attested in a fragment of the first book of the Φιλόλογος ἀκρόασις of Porphyry1 cited by Eusebius of Caesarea2 ( PE. 10, 3, 12) and which was in the past considered the result of corruption (f…

Polyclitus

(1,189 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Polyclitus | Πολύκλειτος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 Polyclitus is known to us from only one source, the Quaestiones Homericae of Porphyry2 (pp. 42, 17-43, 25 Sodano), where his name has been conjecturally restored from a variously corrupt text (πολύκλυτ/π̣ο̣λ̣υ̣κλυτ/πολύκλυ…

Sim(m)ias

(2,127 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sim(m)ias | Σιμ(μ)ίας Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sim(m)ias was the inventor of the technopaignion1 and the author of a collection of glosses2 in three books ( Sud. σ 431), and so he is considered a representative of the poet-philologists, who are the examples par excelle…

Aristodemus [3]

(3,112 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [3] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Nysa (Caria) Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Aristodemus was a grammarian1 and rhetorician2 of the 1st c. BCE and a cousin of Aristodemus, a lesser known grammarian of the 2nd-1st c. BCE3; he was the son of the Aristarchean Menecrates4 and was also a student of Aristarchus5…

Apollonius [10] Idographus

(1,447 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [10] Idographus | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ εἰδογράφος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We find some information about the dating of Apollonius and his city of origin in POxy. 10.1241. A chrestomathy of history1 and mythology2, this document furnishes us with a list of grammaria…

Socrates [1]

(1,828 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Socrates [1] | Σωκράτης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Cos Date: before 1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Socrates is a grammarian1 of unknown date who has been wrongly identified by Gudeman (1927) as Socrates of Argos2. A chronological detail that could be relevant is Demetrius of Magnesia3, a grammarian of the 1st c. BCE, whose work Περὶ …

Aristocles

(4,577 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristocles | Ἀριστοκλῆς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: Second half of the 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 Aristocles is included in a review of famous Rhodians by Strabo2 (14, 2, 13), who names him as one of his contemporaries (ὁ γραμματικὸς καὶ Ἀριστοκλῆς ὁ καθ’ ἡμᾶς). We should probably identify th…

Theodorus [2]

(1,506 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theodorus [2] | Θεόδωρος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: before second half of the 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian named Theodorus who was author, according to Athenaeus1, of Ἀττικαὶ γλῶσσαι (14, 646c. 15, 678d) or Ἀττικαὶ φωναί (15, 677b) was identified as Theodorus ὁ παναγής2 by Jacoby (1923–1958, 3b ( Komm…

Comanus

(5,522 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Comanus | Κομανός Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Naucratis Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: For the name of Comanus, which is written and accented in different ways in the manuscripts, cf. Solmsen (1945, p. 115 n. 3) and Schmidhauser (2008). He was a native of Naucratis according to the scholia to the Iliad1 ( Sch. ex. Il. 21, 363e)…

Achilles [Tatius]

(3,489 words)

Author(s): Rossetti, Matteo
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Matteo Rossetti and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Achilles [Tatius] | Ἀχιλλεὺς [Τάτιος] Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: This grammarian1 is dated to ca. 2nd/3rd c. CE (this dating was proposed also by Martin 1956 , p. 132): the first testimonium about a work by Achilles on the sphaera barbarica appears in Firmicus Maternus2 ( Math. 4, 17 ,12), …

Archestratus

(1,943 words)

Author(s): Ferreccio, Alessia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Alessia Ferreccio and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Archestratus | Ἀρχέστρατος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: It seems likely that Archestratus, the author of a Περὶ αὐλητῶν in two books cited by Ath. 14, 634d, should be identified as the Archestratus mentioned by Philod. Mus. col. 137, 13-27 Delattre = 4, 23, 14 Kemke and by Porph. in Harm. 26, …

Critolaus

(2,601 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 30/07/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Critolaus | Κριτόλαος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Jacoby 1922 attributes to a scholar named Critolaus a grammatical1 interpretation of the meaning of the phrase ἦ δ’ ὅς; it is ascribed by the lexicographical tradition to a Critolaus and to a Chares2 who cannot otherwise be identified (Phot. Lex.η…

Harpocration [4]

(931 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Harpocration [4] | Ἁρποκρατίων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: post 1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: This grammarian1 is known from only one attestation in the scholia on the Iliad (9, 453c), where he is mentioned for his commentary on Book 9, or on the entire poem2, if we accept the conjecture of Heyne (1802, p. 626) who corre…

Socrates [2]

(5,527 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Socrates [2] | Σωκράτης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Argos Date: before 1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Socrates was an Argive grammarian1 who lived, according to Halliday (1928, p. 116) and Griffiths (1970), in the 2nd c. CE, but according to Gudeman (1927) in the 3rd c. CE. A relevant chronological detail could be Demetrius …

Adrastus

(6,766 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Adrastus | Ἄδραστος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Aphrodisias Date: first half of the 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Adrastus was a Peripatetic philosopher1 and native of Aphrodisias in Caria who lived in the 2nd c. CE: the mention of Adrastus by Galen2 (ca. 130-ca. 200 CE) constitutes a terminus ante quem useful for dating the act…

Hesychius

(3,873 words)

Author(s): Valente, Stefano
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Stefano Valente and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hesychius | Ἡσύχιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 5th-6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Hesychius of Alexandria was probably active around the year 500 CE. The sole information that we have about his life and work comes from the prefatory letter to his lexicon (pp. 1–2 Latte). It is dedicated to a certain Eulogi…
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