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Siyāwus̲h̲ Pas̲h̲a

(889 words)

Author(s): Schmidt, J. | Groot, A.H. de
, the name of two Ottoman Grand Viziers. 1. Kaniz̲h̲eli (i.e. from Kaniz̲h̲e, modern Nagykanizsa in Hungary), of Hungarian or Croatian descent, b. at an unknown date, d. 1010/1602. He was educated in the Istanbul palace and steadily followed a career through the posts of mīrāk̲h̲ur , siliḥdār , Janissary ag̲h̲a and beglerbegi of Rumelia. Having attained the rank of vizier in 988/1580, he was married to Fāṭima Sulṭān, a sister of sultan Murād III [ q.v.], by whom he had two sons and a daughter. Three times he attained the highest state office as Grand Vizier, which he oc…

Ceramics

(3,505 words)

Author(s): Schmidt, J. H.
The origins of Muslim ceramics are to be sought not in Arabia but in the tradition of the lands first conquered, in which the sociological and political transformation took place: in Syria and Egypt, Mesopotamia and Iran. Parthian ceramic art, which had been partly under the influence of the late classical art and partly under the influence of the ancient east, and especially Sāsānian ceramic art (plate i.) provided the essential stimuli, technical, morphological and iconographical, and provoke…

Riḍā

(230 words)

Author(s): Babinger, Fr. | Schmidt, J.
, an Ottoman biographer of poets. Meḥmed Riḍā b. Meḥmed, called Zehir Mār-zāde, was born into a family living in Edirne. Of his life we know only that he was for a time, respectively, müderris with a salary of 40 aḳčes , nāʾib and müfti —he held this latter function at Uzun Köprü near Edirne—and that he died in his native town in 1082/1671-2. Besides a collection of poems ( Dīwān ) and a work with the title Ḳawāʿid-i fārisiyye (no manuscript of these works has yet been found), Riḍā wrote a Tad̲h̲kirat al-s̲h̲uʿarāʾ , a biographical collection in which he dealt in al…

Siyāwus̲h̲ Pas̲h̲a

(915 words)

Author(s): Schmidt, J. | Groot, A. H. de
, nom de deux Grands Vizirs ottomans. Kaniz̲h̲eli (de Kaniz̲h̲e, Nagykanizsa moderne en Hongrie), de descendance croate ou hongroise, il naquit aux alentours du milieu du Xe/XVIe siècle et fut élevé au palais d’Istanbul (m. 1010/1602). Il suivit une carrière stable en occupant les postes de mirak̲h̲ōr siliḥdār, janissaire ag̲h̲a et de beglerbegi de Roumélie. Ayant atteint le rang de vizir en 988/1580, il fut marié à Fāṭima Sulṭān, une sœur du sultan Murād III [ q.v.], de laquelle il eut deux fils et une fille. Il atteignit par trois fois les plus hautes fonctions de l’E…

Riḍā

(206 words)

Author(s): Babinger, Fr. | Schmidt, J.
, Meḥmed Riḍā b. Meḥmed, appelé Zehir Mār-zāde, biographe de poètes d’époque ottomane, naquit dans une famille d’Edirne. De sa vie, nous savons seulement qu’il fut un temps müderris au traitement de 40 aḳčes, nāʾib et müftī — il occupa cette dernière fonction à Uzun Köprü, près d’Edirne — et qu’il mourut dans sa ville natale en 1082/1671-2. Outre un recueil de poèmes ( Dīwān) et un ouvrage intitulé Ḳawāʿid-i fārisiyye (aucun ms. de ces œuvres n’a encore été découvert), Riḍā écrivit une Tad̲h̲kirat al-s̲h̲uʿarāʾ, recueil biographique dans lequel il traite par ordre alphabétique …